Governmental Structure (Federal)
The United States of America is a federal republic. The federal (central) government consists of an executive branch headed by the president, a bicameral legislative branch (the Senate and the House of Representatives, jointly referred to as Congress) and a judicial branch (headed by the Supreme Court).
The United States is comprised of 50 States, each with its own legislature, executive and judiciary branches responsible for implementing and enforcing a wide range of laws under the 10th Amendment of the US Constitution. Each state exercises considerable independence in a variety of legal domains.
Governmental Structure (State)
Each state has a governor (the head of the state in the executive branch).
A bicameral legislature, and a state judiciary, consisting of a State Supreme Court, Appellate Courts, Supreme Courts, and Municipal Courts.
The two parties which dominate politics in the United States, at both the federal and state level, are:
The Democratic Party and the Republican Party.
Governor : Jay Inslee - Democratic Party
Currently, in Washington State, the Democratic Party holds the majority in the Senate with 25 of 49 seats, and in the House of Representatives with 55 of 98 seats.
In the United States Congress in Washington DC, each state is represented by two senators and by some number of members of the House of Representatives which varies by the population of each state. Washington State is represented by 2 Democratic Senators, Patty Murray and Maria Cantwell, and by 6 Democratic and 4 Republican members of the House of Representatives.
Governor : John Kitzhaber - Democratic Party
In the State of Oregon, the Democratic party has the majority in the Senate with 16 of 30 seats. They also hold the majority in the House of Representatives with 34 of 60 seats. In the US Congress, the State of Oregon is represented by two Democratic Senators, Jeff Merkley and Ron Wyden, and by 5 members of the House of Representatives, 4 of whom are Democratic.
Governor : C.L. "Butch" Otter - Republican Party
In Idaho, the Republican Party leads the Senate with 28 of 35 seats and the House of Representatives with 57 of 70 seats. 2 Republican Senators, Mike Crapo and James E. Risch, and 2 Republican members of the House of Representatives represent the State of Idaho in the United States Congress in Washington DC.